A 39-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of her chronic cough. She had undergone modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer 7 year before admission. A chest radiograph showed collapse of the left upper lobe (LUL) and computed tomography of the chest revealed a mass in the proximal portion of the LUL bronchus and distal atelectasis. Bronchoscopy showed obstruction of the LUL bronchus. The microscopic examination showed findings consistent with breast cancer with the same immunohistochemical features for the hormone receptors, as compared to those features of the previously resected tumor. Positron emission tomography showed increased fluorodeoxyglucose uptake only in the LUL. Left upper lobectomy was performed and she is now undergoing systemic chemotherapy. We report here on this rare case to emphasize that when a patient with a history of breast cancer complains of respiratory symptoms, and even though the patient was treated curatively a long time ago, we should suspect the possibility of endobronchial metastasis.