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J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs. 2008 Jan;14(1):14-21. English. Original Article.
Lee HK .
Department of Nursing, Medical College, Kangwon National University, Korea. leehk@kangwon.ac.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate effects of massage therapy and the attachment promotion program with autistic children. METHOD: A quasi-experimental design was conducted with a convenience sample of 44 autistic children. The experimental group (n= 23) attended the massage therapy and the attachment promotion program for 4 months. The control group (n=21) only had the attachment promotion program. Measurements were made twice for both groups using the social maturity scale and child autism rating scale. Recording of mother-child attachment was done for 15 minutes in only the experimental group twice using video equipment. RESULTS: After 4 months of interventions, there was significant difference on social maturity (F=9.01, p=.005) between the groups. However, there was no significant difference on CARS ((F=2.47, p=.124). The total scores of mother-child attachment between pre- and post-interventions showed a significant difference (Z=-3.42, p=.001). CONCLUSION: The results showed that massage therapy and the attachment promotion program might be an effective way for providing a chance to increase social maturation and to increase attachment between mother and autistic child.

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