PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a health promotion behavior program for elementary school students by investigating their level of health promotion behavior practice. METHOD: data were collected from 1276 1-6th grade elementary school students (11 elementary schools) using a self-report questionnaire. RESULTS: 1) The mean score for health promotion behavior practice was above the mid point at 3.10(+/-.43) 2) There were significant differences in health promotion behavior practices according to student's grade(t=4.447, p=.000), gender(t=-3.044, p=.002), age(t=4.402, p=.000), father's education level(t=4.365, p=.000), mother's education level(t=-4.672, p=.000), and perceived health status (F=19.124, p=.000). 3) There were significant correlations between health promotion behavior practice and the sub-areas of health promotion behavior practice. CONCLUSION: Systematic health education is necessary for elementary school students and their parents.