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J Korean Acad Adult Nurs. 2002 Sep;14(3):411-417. Korean. Original Article.
Hur HK , Lee EH , Lee WH , So HS , Chung BY , Kang ES .
Yonsei University (Wonju College of Medicine), Korea.
Ajou University, Korea.
Home Health-Hospice Research Institute at Yonsei University, Korea.
Research Institute of Nursing Science at Chonnam National University, Korea.
The Institute of Nursing Science at Kyungpook National University, Korea.
Research Institute of Wholistic Nursing Science at Kosin University, Korea.
Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was to investigate symptom occurrence related to the disease characteristics of patients with cancer. METHOD: A total of 301 patients with cancer participated in this study. The participants were recruited from University Hospitals located in Seoul, Wonju, Kwangju, Daegu, and Pusan. Data collection was performed by using a questionnaire on symptom occurrence. The obtained data was analyzed using SPSS computer program that included descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, one-way ANOVA, and t-test. 1) Yonsei University (Wonju College of Medicine) 2) Ajou University 3) Home Health-Hospice Research Institute at Yonsei University 4) Research Institute of Nursing Science at Chonnam National University 5) The Institute of Nursing Science at Kyungpook National University 6) Research Institute of Wholistic Nursing Science at Kosin University. RESULT: The mean score of fatigue was the highest (3.24), followed by loss of appetite, lack of concentration, change in appearance, pain, insomnia, change in bowel pattern, nausea/ vomiting, coughing, and dyspnea. Most symptoms were significantly correlated with each other. The level of symptom occurrence in patients with lung cancer or cervix cancer was significantly higher than the level in patients with stomach cancer. Patients receiving radiation therapy or a combined therapy of radiation therapy and chemotherapy experienced significantly higher level of symptom occurrence than those receiving chemotherapy only. Also, female patients experienced higher level of symptom occurrence than male patients did. CONCLUSION: The sites of cancer, types of treatment, and gender influence the level of symptom occurrence of patients with cancer. Thus, these variables should be considered when assessing and planing for symptom occurrence of patients with cancer.

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