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Clin Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Apr;20(1):71-74. English. Case Report.
Pyeon JS , Choi HY , Han SB , Lee JW , Chung NG , Jeong DC , Cho B , Kang JH , Kim HK .
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

The concurrent occurrence of both aplastic anemia and thyroid cancer in a child is a very rare event. Although cancer may occur in patients with aplastic anemia who previously received immunosuppressive therapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), cancer in patients who are naive to such therapies is rare. We report a 12-year-old patient with idiopathic very severe aplastic anemia who was subsequently diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer. This patient had a unique clinical presentation in that thyroid cancer was diagnosed prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation given to treat very severe aplastic anemia.

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