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J Korean Soc Vasc Surg. 1999 Nov;15(2):307-311. Korean. Original Article.
Woo YM , Im MG , Bae JH , Kim LS , Kim DK , Kim S , Choi CS .
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.

Liability to vascular trauma in orthopedic procedures results from the close relation between bones and vessels and complicated use of sharp instruments and retractors. Prompt diagnosis and management are mandatory to avoid high mortality and morbidity. We report 6 vascular injuries secondary to orthopedic procedures performed between 1994 and 1998. Two injuries occurred as a consequence of intramedullary nailing and Ilizarov external fixation of a femur fracture, one injury from lumbar laminectomy, one injury as a result of total hip replacement, one from hip flexion contracture release and the other one secondary to knee flexion contracture release. Injury occurred to three femoral arteries, one femoral artery and vein, one popliteal artery, and one iliac artery and IVC. Four vascular injuries required bypass grafts, division was done in AV fistula following disc operation. Conservative treatment was given to one vascular injury. There was no significant complication and death in our series except one case of graft infection that was revised with extra-anatomic bypass. The goal of management of vascular trauma that occurs during the orthopedic procedure is to save the limb and even the life. Urgent management based on knowledge of vascular structure and skillful surgical technique are needed.

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