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J Korean Soc Spine Surg. 2016 Dec;23(4):239-245. Korean. Review.
Joo YS , Cho JH .
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present updated information on the basic pelvic parameters associated with lumbar degenerative disease. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Sagittal imbalance has been known to be related to a poor prognosis in almost all adult spine problems, including lumbar degenerative disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: Pelvic incidence is a morphologic parameter of the pelvis. It influences lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis, and determines the limitations of pelvic retroversion in sagittal imbalance. Pelvic tilt is a positional parameter of the pelvis, indicating the degree of compensation for sagittal imbalance. A C7-sagittal vertical axis >5 cm, pelvic tilt >20°, and pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch are known to be independent factors predictive of poor outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The C7-sagittal vertical axis, pelvic tilt, and pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch should be considered when surgery is planned for a patient with degenerative lumbar disease.

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