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J Korean Acad Prosthodont. 2013 Oct;51(4):276-283. Korean. Comparative Study.
Kim JW , Heo YR , Kim HJ , Chung CH .
Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the fit and screw joint stability between Ready-made abutment and CAD-CAM custom-made abutment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Osstem implant system was used. Ready-made abutment (Transfer abutment, Osstem Implant Co. Ltd, Busan, Korea), CAD-CAM custom-made abutment (CustomFit abutment, Osstem Implant Co. Ltd, Busan, Korea) and domestically manufactured CAD-CAM custom-made abutment (Myplant, Raphabio Co., Seoul, Korea) were fabricated five each and screws were provided by each company. Fixture and abutments were tightening with 30Ncm according to the manufacturer's instruction and then preloding reverse torque values were measured 3 times repeatedly. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical analysis of the preloading reverse torque values (alpha=.05). After specimens were embedded into epoxy resin, wet cutting and polishing was performed and FE-SEM imaging was performed, on the contact interface. RESULTS: The pre-loading reverse torque values were 26.0 +/- 0.30 Ncm (ready-made abutment; Transfer abutment) and 26.3 +/- 0.32 Ncm (CAD-CAM custom-made abutment; CustomFit abutment) and 24.7 +/- 0.67 Ncm (CAD-CAM custom-made abutment; Myplant). The domestically manufactured CAD-CAM custom-made abutment (Myplant abutment) presented lower pre-loading reverse torque value with statistically significant difference than that of the ready-made abutment (Transfer abutment) and CAD-CAM custom-made abutment (CustomFit abutment) manufactured from the same company (P=.027) and showed marginal gap in the fixture-abutment interface. CONCLUSION: Within the limitation of the present in-vitro study, in domestically manufactured CAD-CAM custom-made abutment (Myplant abutment) showed lower screw joint stability and fitness between fixture and abutment.

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