STAEMENT OF PROBLEM: In Korea, the preliminary impression trays for dental and edentulous maxillae are manufactured on the base of the statistical value of Westerners. There had been less study on the dental and edentulous arches of Koreans. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate an average dental cast, preliminary impression trays, three-dimensional relation of dental and edentulous maxilla of Koreans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects for this study were 173 dental casts of maxilla (dental: 52, edentulous: 146) with ages 18~60 years old. Each of the master casts was measured 69 measuring points on the dental cast of maxilla, and 46 measuring points on the edentulous cast of maxilla with three-dimensional digital measuring machine. Each measuring points were analysed and were overlapped, that three dimensional dental graphic manufactured by CAD/CAM system. RESULTS: 1. A standard of distribution to alveolar bone were width between left and right buccal border lines of the standard 3/4 line. The mean value of dental and edentulous casts were 67.27mm, 63.49mm, respectively. 2. Morphological classification of dental casts were divided into three groups of V-shape, O-shape, U-shape, that proportion of distribution were 17%, 16%, 67%, respectively. Dimensional classification of the dental casts were divided into five groups of less than 63mm, 63 up to 65mm, 65 up to 67mm, 67 up to 69mm, more than 69mm, respectively. 3. Morphological classification of edentulous casts were divided into three groups of V-shape, O-shape, U-shape, that proportion of distribution were 18%, 17%, 65%, respectively. Dimensional classification of the edentulous casts were divided into five groups of less than 57mm, 57 up to 61mm, 61 up to 65mm, 65 up to 69mm, more than 69mm, respectively. 4. Mean dental and edentulous cast of maxilla were overlapped, the proportion of bone resorption to alveolar bone is higher than that of palatal bone, its difference were higher anterior 2/4 area than posterior 3/4 area. CONCLUSION: It obtains information of preliminary impression trays for dental and edentulous maxilla of Koreans.