Zika virus (ZIKV) is a vector-borne flavivirus. It was initially identified in Uganda in 1947, and the first human infection was reported in Nigeria in 1953. Since 2015, ZIKV has been spreading rapidly in Brazil and the Americas. Given its general symptoms, ZIKV is considered to be a mild, febrile illness, although it is associated with severe neurologic complications. On February 1, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). We conducted a review of the literature on the epidemiology and transmission, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of ZIKV. Additionally, we introduce original literature on the current ZIKV outbreak in this review.