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J Bacteriol Virol. 2001 Sep;31(3):217-227. Korean. Original Article.
Seol SY , Won JH , Kim NH , Yu HS , Lee YC , Cho DT , Kim JW .
Abstract

Clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae (189 Klebsiella, 61 Enterobacter, 32 Serratia, 19 E. coli, 7 Proteus, and 3 Citrobacter) from one university hospital were epidemiologically analyzed by using transferable R plasmids resistant beta-lactam antibiotics including broad-spectrum cephalosporins. About 30% of E. cloacae and S. marcescens and about 5% of K. pneumoniae were resistant to one or more broad-spectrum j3-lactam antibiotics including cefotaxim, ceftazidime, aztreonam, or cefoxitin but all isolates of E. aerogenes, K oxytoca, and P. mirabilis were susceptible. Thirty-six conjugative R plasmids including 8 plasmids resistant expanded-spectrum cephalosporins were obtained from multiple resistant K. pneumoniae (19), E. cloacae (9), E. coli (4), and C. freundii (1). Thirty-one plasmids were subjected to R plasmid analysis and classified 20 different plasmid types. Among them 5, 2, and 2 plasmids belong to 3 different types respectively showed identical molecular size, endonuclease fragment pattern by Southem hybridization pattern by TEM-1 probe, pI value by isoelctric focusing, and also identical antibiogram and biotype of wild strains harboring plasmids. But all of plasmids resistant to cefotaxim, ceftazidime, aztreonam or cefoxitin showed different palsmid anlysis patterns. These results indicate that the epidemic strains of 3 clonal types had been present in this hospital and anlysis using transferable R plasmid and bla gene can be used to discriminate multi-resistant clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae.

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