PURPOSE: Penile fracture is a relatively rare condition that is defined as a traumatic rupture of the tunica albuginea followed by subsequent subcutaneous hematoma of various degrees. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentations and outcomes of the treatment according to causes of penile fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 1998 and December 2002, ten patients aged 19 to 65 years underwent immediate surgical repair on the first or second day after fracture of the penis at our hospital. All patients came to the hospital 20 minutes to 34 hours after the injury. A complete history of the patient was taken and a thorough examination was performed including physical examination and cavernosography. RESULTS: All patients had taken cavernosography. Three of the patients showed hematuria(microscopic or gross) and were taken retrograde urethrography. All patients were surgically treated. Nine patients showed unilateral corporal ruptures. Two patients had urethral injuries; one had a total urethral rupture and the other had a corporal spongiosal partial tearing. Regardless of the causes of penile fractures, the lesions on the penile mid-shaft were the most common. Of the direction of lesions the transverse tearings of tunica albuginea at 6 to 8 o'clock position were the most common. At follow-up, all patients who were available reported erections adequate for intercourse without erectile or voiding dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: All patients were treated successfully by immediate surgical repair regardless of the causes of the penile fractures, which is recommended for penile fracture.