In the oral and maxillofacial area, bone defects are created by various reasons and demand for bone grafts, while dental implant implantation has been increased consistently. To solve these problems, there has been development of autogenous tooth-bone graft material (AutoBT(R), Korea Tooth Bank Co., Korea), and we have collected ground reasons to substitute free autobone graft with this material in clinical use. This autogenous tooth-bone graft material is produced in powder type and block type. Block type is useful in esthetic reconstruction of the defect site and vertical and horizontal augmentation of alveolar bone because this type has high strength value, well maintained shape and is less absorbed. Therefore, the author of this study gained favorable result by grafting the block type autogenous tooth-bone graft material after dental implant implantation on the bone defects of the mandibular molar extraction site. Moreover, the author represents this case with literature review after confirming bone remodeling on the computed tomography image and by histological analysis.