Squamous cell papillomas are one of the most common lesions of the oral mucosa with a mucosa of the hard and soft palate, including the uvula, palate, tongue and lips. As an oral lesion, it raises concerns because of its clinical appearance, which may mimic exophytic carcinoma. Its pathogenesis is related to the human papilloma virus (HPV), but there is controversy regarding its viral origin. Many considered its pathogenesis as being from the HPV. But recent literature suggests that the presence of HPV may be merely an incidental finding unrelated to the development of a squamous papilloma. We accidentally found a patient not related to the HPV of oral squamous papilloma on the tongue, and we will report this case with literature review.