This is a retrospective clinical study on 2,955 patients who had visited the Emergency Room of Sang-gye Paik Hospital and then been treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery during recent 4 years from Aug. 2002 to Dec. 2006. The obtained results were as follows. The total number of patients was 2,955 and the ratio of male to female was 1.72:1. The age distribution peak was the 1st decade (30.8%), followed by the 3rd decade (14.3%) and the 4th decade (14.0%). Trauma (62.3%) was the most frequent cause in dental emergency patients, pulpitis (13.0%) and infection patients were next in order of frequency. In trauma patients group, facial bone injury, tooth injury, soft tissue injury were included and soft tissue injury group was most prevalent, followed by tooth injury group and facial bone group. In total patient, the ratio of admission was 3.5%. We obtained the results of the distribution of primary emergency care in the traumatic injury, causal distribution of the jaw fracture, distribution of related medical department in multiple associated injuries, distribution of emergency care in infection, causal distribution and control methods of oral bleeding, distribution of TMJ disorder. The trauma patient group was major in the dental patients who had visited the emergency room, but other various groups were included. So we should analyze the pattern and the variation of the dental emergent patient to provide the proper treatment.