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J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc. 2010 Jul;49(4):367-373. Korean. Original Article.
Kim SW , Bae KY , Kim JM , Kim SY , Yoo JA , Yang SJ , Shin IS , Park JH , Kim SH , Yoon JS .
Department of Psychiatry, Chonnam National University Medical School and Depression Clinical Research Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. jsyoon@chonnam.ac.kr
Gwang-ju Bukgu Community Mental Health Center, Gwangju, Korea.
Gwang-ju Bukgu Health Center, Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine psychosocial correlates of suicide attempts in a community population. METHODS: This study investigated suicide attempt history, demographic and psychosocial characteristics including depression using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and responses to a questionnaire about attitudes toward suicide in a community sample. The demographic and psychosocial correlates of suicide attempts were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: A total of 1,578 people completed the survey. Of these, 100 people (6.3%) had attempted suicide. In the univariate analyses, risk factors for attempted suicide were divorce, lower level of education, lack of a stable job, living in a rented house, undergoing psychiatric treatment, a family history of psychiatric illness, and being depressed (BDI > or =22). In the multivariate analysis, living in a rented house, undergoing psychiatric treatment, and being depressed were significantly associated with attempted suicide. Of the individuals who had attempted suicide, 42.0% were currently depressed, whereas the prevalence of depression in those who had not attempted suicide was 9.1%. In addition, individuals who had attempted suicide had permissive attitudes toward suicide and negative attitudes toward treatment for suicidal behavior. CONCLUSION: Attempted suicide was significantly associated with depression. Therefore, immediate and appropriate psychiatric treatment for depression in those attempting suicide is crucial.

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