To evaluate the long-term prognosis of biliary atresia after Kasai operation, a total of 14 patients (of the 41 patients operated upon from 1982 to 1997), who had been followed up for more than 10 years, were included in this retrospective study. Eleven out of 14 patients survived with their native livers, and their data analyzed for age at operation, clearing time of jaundice, histological outcome, postoperative complications, effectiveness after the application of an intussusception anti-reflex valve, and quality of life. Average age at surgery was 62.8 days. Serum bilirubin was normalized within three months in all patients. Six among the eleven long-term survivors had ascending cholangitis as one of the postoperative complications. The application of an intussusception anti-reflux valve did not show any statistical significance in long-term survival. Most of long-term survivors appeared to enjoy good quality of life. Kasai operation might not be the definitive treatment for biliary atresia; however, Kasai operation made it possible to achieve long-term survival for patients with biliary atresia when the patients were detected and treated as early as possible.