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Korean J Pediatr. 2005 Apr;48(4):376-379. Korean. Original Article.
Kim SS , Lee IK , Ko JH , Oh MH , Bae CW .
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea.
Protein Section, Laboratory of Metabolism(LM), USA.
National Cancer Institute(NCI), USA.
National Institute of Health(NIH), USA.
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea.

PURPOSE: Mycoplasama pneumoniae is a leading cause of pneumonia and exacerbates other respiratory conditions such as asthma. Surfactant protein A(SP-A) is involved in surfactant physiology and surfactant structure, and plays a major role in innate host defense and inflammatory processes in the lung. In this study, SP-A mediated mycoplasma cidal activity. The candidate-gene approach was used to study the association between the SP-A gene locus and Mycoplasama pneumoniae pneumonia in the genetically homogeneous Korean population. METHODS: PCR-cRFLP-based methodology was used to detect SP-A genotype. The forty nine children with Mycoplasama pneumoniae pneumonia were matched to 50 nomal neonates. RESULTS: The specific frequencies for the alleles of the SP-A1 and SP-A2 gene in the study population were:6A2=21 percent, 6A3=45 percent, 6A4=11 percent, 6A8=9 percent, 6A14=8 percent, 1A=11.3 percent, 1A0=38 percent, 1A1=12.7 percent, 1A2=9.2 percent, 1A5=15.5 percent, 1A7=2.9 percent, 1A8=4.9 percent, 1A9=2.2 percent, others=3.3 percent. The frequencies of specific genotypes such as 1A2 was higher than control group, significantly. CONCLUSION: 1A2 are susceptible factors for Mycoplasama pneumoniae pneumonia. We conclude that the SP-A gene locus(1A2) is an important determinant for predisposition to Mycoplasama pneumoniae pneumonia in children.

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