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Korean J Pediatr. 2004 Jul;47(7):803-806. Korean. Case Report.
Chun KU , Yun S , Cha BH , Lee HY .
Department of Pediatrics, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea.

Bronchiolitis Obliterans(BO) is one of the rare inflammatory lung disease that primarily affects bronchi and bronchioles, followed by partial or complete obstruction. In children, the etiology of BO has been under consideration, but infections and toxic inhalation, connective tissue diseases, lung transplantation, congestive pulmonary edema, etc., may be causes of BO. Even though steroid therapy was reported as an effective treatment, there are few data regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, long term prognosis and therapy. Here we describe a 5-year-old boy who presented with intractable wheezing associated with Stevens-Johnson syndrome after Varicella-Zoster virus infection and was diagnosed as BO through chest high-resolution computed tomography.

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