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Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2018 Feb;52(1):46-52. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13139-017-0482-9
Lee H , Paeng JC , Kim KH , Cheon GJ , Lee DS , Chung JK , Kang KW .
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea. paengjc@snu.ac.kr
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

Herein, we report characteristics of ¹⁸F–fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) during a long-term follow-up. In addition, we investigated the association between FDG uptake and the physician decision to perform an intervention.

Methods

We performed a retrospective review of 42 patients with AAAs who underwent FDG positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). The size of the AAA was measured in serial CT or PET/CT images. The long-term growth rate of AAAs was calculated by linear regression of the size change. Maximal SUV of the AAA (SUV(AAA)) and mean SUV of the blood pool (SUV(Blood)) were measured in PET/CT fusion images. To assess the FDG uptake of AAAs, the target-to-background ratio (TBR) was defined as the ratio of SUV(AAA) to SUV(Blood). We compared FDG uptake of AAAs with the long-term growth rate of AAAs and clinical data.

Results

TBR was not significantly different between patients with and without significant growth (1.55 ± 0.20 vs. 1.57 ± 0.14; P = 0.5599).However, in patients with significant growth, TBR exhibited a significant positive correlation with the growth rate (r² = 0.2601, P = 0.0306). TBR also exhibited a significant difference between patients with and without intervention (P = 0.0228).

Conclusion

FDG uptake of AAA is associated with long-term growth of AAAs in a specified group that exhibits growth. FDG PET/CT may only be effective in predicting the long-term growth of AAAs in specific subgroups of patients. It is also suggested that FDG PET is potentially related to the clinical conditions of AAA patients who need surgical or interventional treatment.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.