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Korean J Perinatol. 2004 Sep;15(3):262-267. Korean. Original Article.
Lee GS , Kim SJ , Kim SY , Lee Y , Park SH , Shin JC , Lew YO , Kim SP .
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Research Center for Clinical Medicine, Holy Family Hospital, Catholic University, Pucheon, Korea.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of magnesium sulfate on Caspase-3 and Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under presence or absence of Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha). METHODS: HUVECs were isolated from normal term umbilical cords and cultured in several physiolo gically relevant concentrations of magnesium sulfate with or without exposure of TNF-alpha. The concentrations of VEGF and caspase-3 were estimated by colorimetric assay and ELISA assay, respectively. RESULTS: The concentration of VEGF in HUVECs significantly increased in the presence of TNF-alpha compared with in the absence of TNF-alpha. However, the concentration of VEGF did not show significant difference in several concentrations of magnesium sulfate concentrations with addition of TNF-alpha and it showed the lowest concentration under 4 mM and 8 mM of magnesium sulfate concentration without addition of TNF-alpha. The concentration of caspase-3 in HUVECs did not show statistically significant difference with the addition of TNF-alpha and magnesium sulfate. CONCLUSION: TNF-alpha induce HUVECs to stimulate the VEGF, and magnesium sulfate might not have the effects on the expression of VEGF with addition of TNF-alpha However, the concentration for treatment of magnesium sulfate inhibits the expression of VEGF without addition of TNF-alpha. Magnesium sulfate might not have an effect of the expression of caspase-3 with or without addition of TNF-alpha.

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