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J Korean Acad Rehabil Med. 1999 Feb;23(1):148-152. Korean. Original Article.
Ko YJ , Kim HW , Lee JS , Lee JI , Park NK , Kang SY .
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of treatment of hallux valgus and its associated foot deformities with shoe and insole modification. METHOD: We present the short-term follow-up of 32 symptomatic hallux valgus deformities in 20 patients. The patients were all female and 32 to 77 years in age at the time of modification of shoe and insole. Twenty patients were evaluated on an average of 4 weeks following their shoe and insole modification. Hallux valgus angles and first-second intermetatarsal angle were evaluated as well as the range of motion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint and patient's satisfaction. Outcome was measured using changes in visual analogue scale (VAS) on twenty occasions during 4 weeks. RESULTS: Hallux valgus was commonly associated with the lesser (2nd~5th) toe deformity (21 cases, 65.5%), pes planus (12 cases, 37.5%), Achilles tightness (12 cases, 37.5%) and great toe pronation (10 cases, 31.5%). The result obtained was highly significant (p<0.002), suggesting that the shoe and insole modification were as effective in reducing the level of pain due to hallux valgus and its associated foot deformities. CONCLUSION: The shoe and insole modification can be an effective treatment of reducing pain of hallux valgus and its associated deformities.

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