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J Korean Acad Rehabil Med. 1998 Aug;22(4):778-783. Korean. Original Article.
Chon JS , Chun SI , Park SH , Ahn J , Baek SY , Kang YJ , Doh WS , Jeong KS , Shin KS , Lee MH .
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
Institute of Traditional Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
Department of Electrical Engineering, Yonsei University College of Engineering.
Institute of Medical Instruments Technology, Yonsei University.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of orthostatic stress with a head-up tilt on the autonomic nervous system and to determine how a cerebral stroke influences the cardiac autonomic function, using the power spectral analysis(PSA) of heart rate variability(HRV). METHOD: We studied 11 stroke patients with a left hemiplegia and 14 patients with a right hemiplegia. Their hemispheric brain lesions were confirmed by the MRI. The ECG and respiration signals were recorded at the tilt angle of 0o and 70o for 5 minutes under the condition of frequency controlled respirtaion(0.25 Hz). Data were compared with the age- and sex-matched 12 healthy controls. RESULT: In a control group, the normalized high frequency power showed a significant decrease during the head-up tilt(p<0.05), whereas the normalized low frequency power showed a significant increase(p<0.05). But for the left and right hemiplegia groups, there were no significant changes of normalized high and low frequency power under the orthostatic stress(p>0.05). Compared with the right hemiplegia and control groups, the left hemiplegia group was associated more with a reduced low and high frequency power and showed no significant changes under the orthostatic stress. CONCLUSION: PSA of HRV can identify the reduced cardiac autonomic activity in stroke patients, with a greater reduction in the left hemiplegia group than in the right hemiplegia group, which may cause a high risk of cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death.

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