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J Korean Acad Rehabil Med. 1998 Apr;22(2):434-439. Korean. Original Article.
Kim SJ , Song EB , Lee MH , Park YH , Lee BW , Kim DW , Lee EH , Kim WS , Na JK , Lee SH , Hong YS , Cho YJ .
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University.
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University.
Samyook Rehabilitation Hospital.

Visual evoked potentials(VEPs) are the cerebral electrical activities recorded from the occipital scalp following a flash or pattern stimulation and can detect the lesions of sensory visual pathways. Although the VEPs change with the maturation of CNS in children, a few studies have documented the maturational changes in premature infants. Using the light- emitting diode goggles, VEPs were studied in 131 neurologically intact infants of 28~41 weeks gestational age or 34~59 weeks postmenstrual age. The VEPs were analysed by three waveforms; normal, abnormal, and flat, and four patterns; N300, P200-N300, P100-N155-P200-N300, and P100 pattern. Normal waveforms were 63 of 131 VEPs(48.1%). Of the normal waveforms, N300 patterns were 38.1%, P200-N300 36.5%, P100-N155-P200-N300 19.0%, and P100 6.4%. Each pattern correlated with the postmenstrual age. These findings support the hypothesis of VEP pattern changes according to the maturation of the visual system with age.

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