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J Korean Surg Soc. 2010 Aug;79(2):116-121. Korean. Original Article.
Jo BH , Park JK , Lee IK , Kim HJ , Lee YS , Lee JI , Kim SH , Kang WK .
Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

PURPOSE: Despite all developments in recent years, the choice of an adequate treatment for hemorrhoids remains a problem. Hemorrhoidal artery ligation and recto-anal repair (HAL-RAR) is a nonexcisional surgical technique for the treatment of hemorrhoids, consisting in the ligation of the distal branches of the superior rectal artery, resulting in a reduction of blood flow and decongestion of the hemorrhoidal plexus. The aim of this study was to present the early experience of treating hemorrhoids with HAL-RAR. METHODS: Between December 2008 and November 2009, 70 consecutive patients with symptomatic hemorrhoids were treated with HAL-RAR. The patients underwent sonographic identification and suture ligation of 4 to 8 terminal branches of the superior rectal artery above the dentate line. RESULTS: There were 33 males and 37 females (mean age, 49.72+/-14.1 years). The mean operative time was 43.8 minutes (25~80 min). Most patients (=61, 87%) were without any complaint upon follow-up at 1 week. Nine patients presented with early complication: isolated pain in 1, anemia in 1, isolated bleeding in 1, voiding difficulty (over 1 day) in 2 and tenesmus (over 2 weeks) in 4. CONCLUSION: Based on our results we may conclude that HAL-RAR is a minimally invasive, safe and effective method and may offer an important alternative for the treatment of hemorrhoids. It may offer minimally postoperative pain, and early return of patients to their normal activities.

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