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J Korean Surg Soc. 2005 Oct;69(4):293-298. Korean. Original Article.
Oh SK , Lee SM , Hong SW .
Department of Surgery, Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. swhong@khmc.or.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: Bleeding from esophago-gastric varices needs urgent treatment. Esophageal varix bleeding usually was controlled by intervention, but rebleeding rate was high. Gastric varix bleeding is unable to be controlled by intervention. Recently, newly developed methods for varix bleeding controll have been used, but surgical intervention is still advocated. We report our experience with esophago-gastric devascularization for bleeding control in portal hypertension and its effectiveness. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 32 cases who underwent esophago-gastric devascularization in portal hypertension at Kyuung Hee University Hospital from Nov. 1990 to Feb. 2004. Author analyzed characteristics & patients, causes of portal hypertension, liver function reserve, operation methods, perioperative finding, complications and factors determining postoperative mortality. RESULTS: Sex ratios of male to female was 5.4:1. The ages were ranged from 25 to 70 years old with mean age of 50.5. Postoperative complication rate was 40.6% (13/32) and those were recovered by conservative management. There was one case of recurrent bleeding at 9months postperatively (3%). Mortality rate was 4% in Child-Pugh group A and B, and 57% in group C. The overall mortality rate was 15%. Preoperative hepatic reserve (P<0.05) & preoperative blood pressure (P<0.05) was a significant factors. A mean follow up period is 18.7 months. CONCLUSION: In our study, esophago-gastric devascularization in portal hypertension showed good results with 3% rebleeding rate and 85% overall survival rate. Esophago-gastric devascularization was effective method for esophago-gastric varix bleeding.

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