The surgical care of neonates, born weighing less then 1000 gram (Extremely Low Birth Weight; ELBW), is a very challenging problem to the pediatric surgeons. We report a survival case in which a successful operation for the spontaneous intestinal perforation was performed at the time when the baby weighed 630 g after 25.6 weeks' gestation. The child not only survived but also appears developmental normal at two years of age. The case is the smallest reported survivor in Korea after surgery. The cooperation between the pediatric surgeon and neonatologist is very important in the surgical management of ELBW neonate.