Type I neurofibromatosis is an autosomal dominant disorder that occurs in 1 of 3, 000 births. It is characterized by multiple cutaneous neurofibromas, cafe-au-lait spots of the skin. Patients with neurofibromatosis are at increased risk of developing malignancies, particularly neural crest and other non-neural crest neoplasms. The term `malignant fibrous histiocytoma' was first introduced in 1963 to refer to a group of soft tissue tumors characterized by a storiform or cartwheel like growth pattern. Malignant fibrous histiocytomas are the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma that occurs in late adult life. Herein, our recent experienced a case of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma in a 28 year-old female with type I neurofibromatosis is reported, with a review of the literature.