Neurilemmoma, like other non-epithelial tumors, seldom occurs in the thyroid gland. We present a case of a 61-year-old woman with a neurilemmoma of her left thyroid lobe. She was clinically and biochemically euthyroid, and underwent a left thyroid lobectomy without complications. The tumor was an encapsulated solid mass, 34x23x1 5mm in size and was diagnosed as neurilemmoma. Neurilemmoma of the thyroid gland tends to develop in the right lobe, but this case was in the left.