PURPOSE: The results of surgical treatment for acute suppurative cervical lymphadenitis in children were evaluated with literature reviews. METHODS: Children under 15-year old who required operative management for acute suppurative cervical lymphadenitis between January 1996 and December 2000 were evaluated with retrospective manner. The clinical characteristics, pathologic results and microbiologic studies were reviewed. RESULTS: 37 patients were treated with surgical methods. 36 patients recovered fully after surgical intervention without any recurrence and one patient expired of sepsis. CONCLUSION: The classical treatment, incision and drainage, is one of the treatment of choice for the recovery from suppurative cervical lymphadenitis in children.