PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery (HALS) with the HandPort system. The surgeon inserts the nondominant hand into the abdomen while the pneumoperitoneum is maintained. The hand assists laparoscopic instruments and is helpful in complex laparoscopic surgery. This approach provides an excellent means to explore, to retract safely, and to apply immediate hemostasis when needed. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in patients who had undergone surgical intervention with the HandPort system at Ewha Womans University Mok-Dong Hospital. The surgeon was free to test the device in any situation where they expected a potential advantage over conventional laparoscopy. The surgeon inserted the nondominant hand into the abdomen while the pneumoperitoneum was generally maintained at 13 mmHg. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were entered in the study. Operations included radical gastrectomy in 8 cases, subtotal gastrectomy in 1 case, hemicolecotmy in 2, distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy in 1, nephrectomy with splenectomy in 1. The mean incision size for the HandPort device was 7.5 cm for the nondominant hand. None of the patients required conversion to open surgery as a result of an unmanageable air leak. There were no postoperative problems and no cases of mortality. CONCLUSION: HALS with the HandPort system is helpful in complex laparoscopic surgery and appeared to be useful in minimally invasive procedures considered too complex for,a laparoscopic approach.