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J Korean Surg Soc. 2000 Oct;59(4):539-544. Korean. Case Report.
Yang JH , Park HL , Lee SD , Nam SJ , Kim BT .
Department of General Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Although primary hyperparathyroidism is a rare disease in Korea, the incidence is increasing gradually due to increased concern and the development of laboratory and imaging techniques. Previous radiological imaging studies for localization of a parathyroid adenoma have been generally unreliable. Recently, preoperative administration of Tc-99m sestamibi has improved detection of parathyroid adenomas. Combining preoperative administration of the sestamibi radionuclide with an intraoperative gamma probe can identify the exact location of a parathyroid adenoma successfully and facilitate a safe and efficient operation under local anesthesia. Limited exploration provides a better cosmetic result while decreasing the potential complications of bilateral exploration. Also, an obvious indication for radio-guided para thyroid surgery with a minimal approach may well be the high-risk patient who cannot tolerate a general anesthestic or an extensive surgical approach. We report three cases of primary hyperparathyroidism which were successfully treated with intraoperative radio-guided parathyroid surgery. These parathyroid surgery can be enhanced especially in the future, when and if an efficient and cost-effective intraoperative PTH assay becomes available.

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