The need for a relaparotomy shortly after an initial abdominal operation indicates a serious complication and may frequently constitute a surgical failure. Many of the postoperative symptoms that might indicate the onset of complications may be masked by the usual postoperative course. Reported findings vary widely. Thus there is no clear picture for a surgeon to use as a guide. In an attempt to obtain more definite guidelines regarding the indications for and the timing of reintervention a retrospective study based on a 7-year survey was undertaken to assess the problem of reoperation after abdominal surgery. This study consisted of a retrospective clinical analysis made an 95 patients who required reoperation due to postoperative complications and planned stage operations during 7 years from January 1990 to December 1996. The number of reoperations was 95 cases (24%) among 3932 patients who had undergone abdominal operations at our department. The sex distribution for the reoperations was 58 males and 37 cases in females. The peak age incidence was the 6th decade in 25 cases(26.3%). The most common physical findings of the patient who required reoperations were abdominal pain and tenderness (56.8%). The main cause necessitating reoperation was intestinal obstruction (25.3%). The most common types of reoperations were common bile duct exploration with T-tube insertion(24.2%). The time interval between initial operation and reoperation was within 10 days in 10 cases (10.5%) and 25 months grouped in separate admission in 36 cases (37.9%). The most frequent complication was wound infection(15.8%) and the mortality rate was 4 cases (4.2%). Conservative treatment cannot be recommended for severe complications, such as postoperative bleeding or peritonitis, due to free anastomotic leakage. However, in doubtful cases, when there is mild peritonitis of an undetermined origin, ileus, well-controlled billiary or duodenal leaks, and the like, the high mortality associated with reintervention should be borne in mind. In these cases, conservative treatment with close supervision of the patient may prove the most prudent course.