BACKGROUND/AIMS: Carcinoid tumors are often indolent asymptomatic tumors, however significant proportions are malignant. The patients with these tumors have usually been treated by radical excision. Recently, small gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors can be easily be detected with increasing use of endoscopy and surgical treatment has been questioned. We evaluate clinical characteristics of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors and clinical usefulness of endoscopic resection in treatment of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 37 cases of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors over the past three years in our instituide. RESULTS: The peak incidence was in the 5th decade and slight male predominance. The most comgastrointestinal carcinoid tumors were diagnosed by endoscopy with biopsy. Twenty-six cases of carcinoid tumors of size less than 15 mm have been safely treated with endoscopic resection. All of the patients are alive and clinically free of disease during 23 months after endoscopic resection. CONCLUSIONS: Recently, the detection of small carcinoid tumors in gastrointestinal tract, especially in rectum, is increasing with frequent use of endoscopy. Endoscopic resection was found to be useful and safe for treatment of small gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors.