BACKGROUND/AIMS: There was some technical difficulty in applying the hemoclip on the posterior wall of the body, cardia of the stomach and posterior wall of duodenum because the angle of approach was tangential. Use of transparent cap on the tip of the endoscope could reduce some of these problems. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of endoscopic hemoclipping using a transparent cap. METHODS: From August 1997 to July 2000, 74 patients with bleeding peptic ulcer and stigmata of recent hemorrhage were treated with endoscopic hemoclipping. There was technical difficulty in applying the hemoclip in 18 patients and the transparent cap was used. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the patients treated with cap and the patients treated without cap in initial hemostasis rate (91.1% vs 94.4%), rebleeding rate (11.8% vs 11.7%), and permanent hemostasis rate (92.9% vs 94.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Use of transparent cap on the tip of the endoscope was an efficient method when the angle of approach was tangential.