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J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Jan;38(1):127-129. English. Case Report.
Choi S , Song SH , Kang NH .
Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. nhk488@yahoo.com
Abstract

PURPOSE: Nasotracheal or oral intubation procedure is widely used for facial bone fractures. However, during the operation intubated tube can interfere or obstruct the view of the operator. We authors used a modified submental intubation method in panfacial bone fracture patients for intact airway and the operation view. METHODS: After intravenous induction of anaesthesia, traditional orotracheal tubation was done. A horizontal incision was made 2cm from the midline, 2cm medial to and parallel with the mandible in the submental region.1 In order to approach to the floor of the oral cavity, a haemostat was pushed through the soft tissues. A chest tube front cover was applied to the intubation tube and the tube was inserted through the submental tunnel. Orotracheal tube was disconnected and pulled back through the soft tissue and secured with a suture. RESULTS: The procedure took about 30 minutes and there were no problems during the intubation. Intraoral manipulation and occlusal checks were free without any interference. Extubation was also easily done without any complications such as lung aspiration, infection, hematoma, or fistula. CONCLUSION: Submental endotracheal intubation is fast, safe, easy to use and free from the concern about the tube being pull back again. Conventional submental intubations are being held without any coverage of the tip. We authors applied the modified method to the trauma patients and obtained satisfactory results. From the above advantages, modified submental intubation can be widely available not only in fractured patients, but also in aesthetic or orthognathic surgeries.

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