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J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Jul;36(4):432-436. Korean. Original Article.
Oh SJ , Jeon MK , Ko SH .
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, School of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea. sjoh@hallym.or.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: Negative pressure therapy has been used in various conditions to promote wound healing. It has also been used to secure a skin graft by improving microcirculation and improving tight adhesion between the graft and the recipient bed. To reduce post burn scar contracture and improve aesthetical result, many types of dermal substitutes have been invented and used widely. The goal of this study is to evaluate usefulness of the VAC(Kinetic concepts Inc., San Antonio, TX) in improving the take rate and time to incorporation of Integra(R) in reconstruction of burn scar contracture. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed from October, 2006 to December, 2008. The VAC was utilized for 11 patients. The patient's ages ranged from 5 to 27 with an average of 19.7 years. The surface area ranged from 24 to 1,600cm2 with an average of 785cm2. The burn scars were excised deep into normal subcutaneous tissue to achieve complete release of the scar, Integra(R) was sutured in place with skin staple and Steri-strip(R). Then slit incisions were made on silicone sheet only with No.11 blade for effective drainage. The VAC was used as a bolster dressing over Integra(R). Negative-Pressure ranging from 100 to 125mm Hg was applied to black polyurethane foam sponge trimmed to the appropriate wound size. An occlusive seal over the black polyurethane foam sponge was maintained by a combination of the occlusive dressing, OP-site(R). The VAC dressing changes were performed every 3 or 4 days until adequate incorporation was obtained. The neodermis appeared slightly yellow to orange color. When the Integra(R) deemed clinically incorporated, The VAC was removed and take was estimated with visual inspection. Very thin STSG(0.006-0.008 inches) was performed after silicone sheet removal. RESULT: The mean time for clinically assessed incorporation of Integra(R) was 10.00 days(range 9-12). The mean dressing change was 3.5 times until take was obtained. In All patients, Integra(R) had successful incorporation in tissue without serious complications. CONCLUSION: Integra(R) in combination with Vacuum- Assisted Closure(VAC) may be incorporated earlier than conventional dressing method.

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