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J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Jul;35(4):407-412. Korean. Original Article.
Choi HJ , Wee SY , Choi CY .
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Soon Chun Hyang University, Gumi, Korea.

PURPOSE: Hydrofluoric acid(HF) is one of the most dangerous mineral acids with the dissociated fluoride ions. The initial corrosive burn is caused by free hydrogen ion, and the second and more severe burn is caused by penetration of fluoride ions into subcutaneous tissues. Silver is a cation producing dressing, an effective antimicrobial agent, but older silver-containing formulations are rapidly inactivated by wound environment, requiring frequent replenishment. But, Acticoat(R) is a relatively new form of silver dressing which helps avoid the problems of earlier agents. The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of Acticoat(R), silver-containing dressing on the treatment for HF injury wound. METHODS: From september 2006 to september 2007, the study was carried out with 10 patients who had HF partial thickness burns. Acticoat(R) dressing and 10% calcium gluconate wet gauze dressings in 10 cases. As a principle, in the emergency treatment, partial or complete removal of the nail and early bullectomy along with copious washing with normal saline was done, depending on the degree of HF invasion of the wound. Wound was dressed with Acticoat(R) and 10% calcium gluconate solution. The effect of dressing was investgated by serial bacterial culture and wound exudates assessment. RESULTS: We therefore reviewed 10 cases of HF- induced chemical burns and treatment principle. The 10 cases who came to the hospital nearly immediately after the injury healed completely without sequelae. CONCLUSION: As the industrial sector develops, the use of HF is increasing more and more, leading to increased incidences of HF-induced chemical burns. The education of patients regarding this subject should be empathized accordingly. In conclusion, Acticoat(R) dressing is a better choice for HF partial thickness burn injuries because of shorter healing time, less pain and more comfortable dressing.

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