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J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Nov;33(6):748-752. Korean. Original Article.
Cho JJ , Hong YG , Seo SW , Chang CH .
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hipson21@dreamwiz.com
Abstract

PURPOSE: Circular skin lesions between 10 and 35 mm in diameter generate problems often. Direct closure of the lesion risks excessive wound tension or wound dehiscence. Skin grafts heal slowly and often remain unsightly. Traditional skin flaps have a limited role. We treated this circular medium-sized skin lesion(10 - 35 mm sized) by reducing opposed multilobed(ROM) flap. METHODS: ROM flap involves a series of semicircular lobes extending both cephalic and caudal from the defect. Direction of the semicircular multilobed flap is set parallel to relaxed skin tension line(RSTL) to minimize scar formation. First semicircle is drawn 60% in diameter of the defect. Second semicircles are drawn at the cephalic and caudal aspects of the original semicircles. These semicircles are 60% in diameter of the first semicircle. Additional semicircles are repeatedly drawn until the tension of skin flaps becomes free. ROM flap has a length-to-base ratio of 0.5 resulting in lower theoretical risk of end flap necrosis than a random pattern flap with a large ratio. The technique involves lobes most distant from the primary defect being transposed in turn closer to the defect. RESULTS: The ROM flap reduces skin tension concerns, lowers the risk of flap necrosis and allows for quicker and more aesthetic healing. Results were generally good and major complications, such as dehiscence, infection, or delayed healing, did not occur. CONCLUSION: ROM flap repair allows the plastic surgeon an additional option when faced with a circular medium-sized skin lesion.

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