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J Korean Soc Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2002 Sep;8(2):99-105. Korean. Original Article.
Baik BS , Chung KH , Chung JY , Park JW , Cho BC .
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea.

Baggy eyelids or palpebral bags of the lower eyelids are mainly caused by weakening of the orbital septum, atrophy of the orbicilaris oculi muscle and slackness of the skin. These palpebral bags are usually combined with a depression along the inferior orbital rim which is called a tear trough groove and a tear trough groove can be divided into a nasojugal groove and a palpebromalar groove. Excision of the protruded orbital fat as a treatment for palpebral bags may contribute in the long term to the senile enophthalmos due to a volume reduction of the intraorbital adipose tissue. Authors treated palpebral bags and tear trough grooves by reposition of orbital fat flaps into a subperiosteal pocket of the inferior orbital rim. Myocutaneous flaps from the lower eyelids were elevated through subciliary incisions to expose the inferior orbital rim and subperiosteal pockets were made on the orbital rim. The orbital fat flaps protruded through the incised orbital septum near the arcus marginalis were repositioned into the subperiosteal pockets by two or three horizontal mattress sutures. Nine patients with palpebral bags and tear trough grooves were operated with this technique and follow-up range was between 6 to 14 months(an average of 11 months). Palpebral bags and tear trough grooves were corrected well and youthful looking eyes were obtained. The main advantages of this technique are that; the first, we can get wide operative field and easy repositioning of orbital fat into the subperiosteal pocket through the transcutaneous approach than the transconjunetival approach, the second, subperiosteal repositioning of the orbital fat can make more even and smooth skin surface over the periorbital region than the supraperiosteal repositioning of the orbital fat due to coverage of the irregular fat lobules by the periosteum and the third, lower blepharoplasty can be combined with this technique.

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