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J Korean Rheum Assoc. 2010 Mar;17(1):46-50. Korean. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.4078/jkra.2010.17.1.46
Lee MW , Youn SY , Kang SR , Lee J .
Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. leejisoo@ewha.ac.kr
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

Dermatomyositis and polymyositis are uncommon, acquired idiopathic inflammatory myopathies of an unknown etiology. Although there are 9 reported cases in the literature of developing dermatomyositis or polymyositis after collagen dermal injection, it is still controversial whether there is a link between injectable filler materials and autoimmune diseases, and specifically dermatomyositis/polymyositis. We experienced a case of a 40-year-old woman who developed dermatomyositis after repeated injections of multiple filler materials, including collagen for cosmetic purposes, which suggests a temporal relation between the two factors. The benefit-to-risk ratio should be assessed for repeated cosmetic surgical procedures that use filler materials.

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