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J Korean Rheum Assoc. 2001 Sep;8(3):160-168. Korean. Original Article.
Kwak IS , Nam TS , Rha HY , Suh JT , Kim YS , Kim SI .
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.
Department of Orthopedics, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.
Pusan National University Hospital Institute, Pusan, Korea.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the the effects of interleukin-17 (IL-17)on the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)from cultured rheumatoid arthritis synoviocytes. METHODS: Fibroblast-like synovial cells(FLS)were prepared from the synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis patients and cultured in the presence of IL-17, IL-17 with or without transforming growth factor-beta(TGF-beta),tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-alpha)and interleukin-1 beta(IL-1 beta).VEGF levels were determined in the culture supernatants by sandwitch ELISA. RESULTS: Stimulation of FLS by serial concentration of IL-17,TGF-beta,TNF-alpha,IL-1 beta increased the production of VEGF by 2.1-2.7,2.2-3.0,2.0-2.9,2.3-3.1 fold over the constitutive levels of unstimulated FLS.Stimulation of FLS by IL- 17 with TGF-beta or TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta also increased the production of VEGF accord-ing to culture periods by 1.6-1.8,1.1-1.9,1.5-1.7 fold over the levels stimulated with TGF-beta or TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta,respectively.This results indicated that IL-17 increased the effect of TGF-beta,TNF-alpha,IL-1 beta on FLS,leading synergistic enhancement of VEGF production. CONCLUSION: IL-17 may be involved in the neovascularization in rheumatoid synovitis by enhancing the production of VEGF.

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