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J Korean Soc Coloproctol. 2012 Feb;28(1):27-34. English. Original Article.
Park SJ , Ahn TS , Cho SW , Kim CJ , Jung DJ , Son MW , Bae SH , Shin EJ , Lee MS , Kim CH , Baek MJ .
Department of Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.
Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.
Department of Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.

PURPOSE: Although stromal-cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha is suggested to be involved in tumorigenicity and tumor angiogenesis, the clinicopathological significance of its expression in colorectal cancers is not fully understood. We examined SDF-1alpha expression in colorectal cancers and investigated its relationship to clinicopathological features such as tumor staging, lymph-node metastasis, vascular invasion (VI), lymphatic invasion (LI) and neural invasion (NI). METHODS: Specimens of 83 primary colorectal cancers were examined immunohistochemically, and the relationships between clinicopathological features and SDF-1alpha expression were analyzed. To compare the expressions between the normal colon tissue and colorectal cancer tissues, we performed Western blot analyses. RESULTS: According to the Western blot analyses, SDF-1alpha was more highly expressed in colorectal carcinoma tissues than in normal colonic mucosa (20/21). According to the immunohistochemical stain, SDF-1alpha was associated with nodal status, distant metastasis, tumor staging, VI and LI. SDF-1alpha expression had a significant prognostic value for overall survival. Kaplan-Meier plots of survival in patients with high SDF-1alpha showed that high SDF-1alpha expression was associated with a shorter overall survival. However, no association was found between SDF-1alpha expression and other pathologic or clinical variables, including age, gender, degree of differentiation, and presence of perineural invasion. CONCLUSION: The expression of SDF-1alpha might be associated with tumor progression in colorectal cancer. Inhibition of SDF-1alpha could be a therapeutic option in colorectal cancer patients.

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