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J Korean Soc Coloproctol. 2007 Jun;23(3):167-171. Korean. Original Article.
Lee YS , Heo YJ , Lee IK , Cho HM , Kang WK , Park JK , Ahn CH , Lee DS , Oh ST , Kim JG , Kim YH .
Division of Coloproctology, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Surgery, Our Lady of Merry Hospital, 665, Bupyeong 6-dong, Bupyeong-gu, Incheo, Korea. yslee@catholic.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose: While a carcinoma of the splenic flexure is uncommon, is associated with a high risk of obstruction, and has a dual lymphatic drainage system, A COST study excluded transverse colon cancer, including splenic flexure colon cancer. This study reviews our experience with splenic flexure colon cancer treated laparoscopically and discusses a appropriate, safe laparoscopic surgical procedure. Methods: The authors reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer from January 1995 to June 2006. The splenic flexure colon was defined as 5 cm from the splenic flexure proximally and distally by using radiologic studies. Curative surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer was defined as: primary cancer removal, a safe resected margin, no metastasis, and a complete lymphadenectomy including high ligation of left colic artery and of the left branch of the middle colic artery. Results: A total of 407 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer; among them, 15 patients underwent a laparoscopic left colectomy for splenic flexure colon cancer. The mean age of the patients was 63.8 years, and the male-to-female ratio was 9:6. The mean operation time was 325.3+/-95.1 minutes, and the average hospital stay was 15.8+/-4.9 days. The average number of harvested lymph nodes was 12.3+/-9.7, the average distal resection margin was 15.3+/-7.6 cm, and the average proximal margin was 10.7+/-3.2 cm. One case of chyle discharge and one case of ileus developed, but were treated conservatively. There was no surgical mortality. Conclusions: A laparoscopic left colectomy for splenic flexure colon cancer is a technically feasible and safe procedure with acceptable short-term outcomes in experienced hands.

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