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Korean Diabetes J. 2010 Oct;34(5):303-311. English. Comparative Study.
Woo MH , Park S , Woo JT , Choue R .
Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Korea.
Department of Oriental Medical Food and Nutrition, Semyung University, Jecheon, Korea.
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND: Identification of dietary patterns is important for glycemic management in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Elderly T2DM patients (> 65 years of age, n = 48) were categorized based on their concentration of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Subjects with HbA1c levels below 7% were placed in the good control (GC) group and those with HbA1c levels equal to or above 8% were placed in the poor control (PC) group. Anthropometric data, blood parameters, and dietary intake records were compared between the groups. Statistical analysis included Student's t-test, chi-square test, and Pearson correlation coefficient test. RESULTS: Anthropometric data, including body mass index (24.7 +/- 2.9 kg/m2), did not differ between the GC and PC groups. Significant abnormalities in blood glucose levels (P < 0.01), lean body mass (P < 0.01), and plasma protein and albumin levels (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) were found in the PC group. In contrast to the GC group, the PC group depended on carbohydrate (P = 0.014) rather than protein (P = 0.013) or fat (P = 0.005) as a major source of energy, and had a lower index of nutritional quality for nutrients such as protein (P = 0.001), and all vitamins and minerals (P < 0.001, 0.01, or 0.05 for individual nutrients), except vitamin C, in their usual diet. Negative correlations between HbA1C levels and protein (r = -0.338, P < 0.05) or fat (r = -0.385, P < 0.01) intakes were also found. CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals should encourage elderly diabetic patients to consume a balanced diet to maintain good glycemic control.

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