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Korean J Fam Med. 2017 May;38(3):166-168. English. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.3.166
Jang JH , Jeon D , Kim YS , Cho WH , Yeo HJ .
Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea. dugpwn@naver.com
Abstract

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome refers to a medical emergency resulting from compression of the SVC. It requires early diagnosis and treatment, and is usually caused by malignant tumors; rarely, mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis can cause SVC syndrome. Here, we present a case study of an immunocompetent 61-year-old woman who presented with acute onset SVC syndrome and was diagnosed with tuberculous lymphadenitis on thoracotomy; the symptoms resolved with anti-tuberculosis therapy. This unusual case highlights the importance of the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with acute onset SVC syndrome; a timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment lead to complete recovery.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.