Yonsei Med J.  2007 Jun;48(3):474-479. 10.3349/ymj.2007.48.3.474.

Risk Factors for an Intraoperative Arrhythmia during Esophagectomy

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, 50 Ilwon-dong, Kangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, Korea. jakim@smc.samsung.co.kr


Arrhythmias after an esophagectomy (most commonly atrial fibrillation) are a significant contributing factor to patient morbidity. However, the significance of an intraoperative arrhythmia is not completely understood. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the occurrence and risk factors for developing intraoperative arrhythmias in patients undergoing an esophagectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 427 patients who underwent a transthoracic esophagectomy between 2001 and 2005. Variables such as age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disease, preoperative pulmonary function test (PFT) results, cancer level, combined radiochemotherapy, intrathoracic cavity adhesions and anastomosis site, hemoglobin, central venous pressure (CVP), fluid balance, serum potassium level, dose of vasopressors, temperature, and combined general and epidural anesthesia were analyzed as risk factors for the occurrence of an arrhythmia. We defined this arrhythmia as one not originating from the sinus node. RESULTES: The incidence of intraoperative arrhythmia in this subset of patients was 17.1%, with a 37.2% reoccurrence rate during the first three postoperative days. Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed the presence of heart disease, poor PFTs, cervical anastomosis, elevated CVP, and higher ephedrine doses to be independent predictors of the development of an intraoperative arrhythmia. CONCLUSION: The incidence of intraoperative arrhythmia during esophagectomy was 17.1% with a 37.2% of reoccurrence rate.


Arrhythmia; esophagectomy

MeSH Terms

Arrhythmias, Cardiac/*etiology/pathology
Esophagectomy/*adverse effects/statistics & numerical data
Intraoperative Complications/*etiology/pathology
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
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