J Neurocrit Care.  2022 Dec;15(2):146-147. 10.18700/jnc.220080.

Axitinib-induced posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a patient with renal cell carcinoma

  • 1Department of Neurology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


  • Fig. 1. Brain magnetic resonance imaging scans performed 2 hours after the seizure. (A) Diffusion-weighted images did not show any remarkable findings. (B) Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images showed extensive multifocal high signal change at bilateral cerebral cortex, subcortical white matter, bilateral medial thalamus, pons and cerebellum.


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2. Levy A, Benmoussa L, Ammari S, Albiges L, Escudier B. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome induced by axitinib. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2014; 12:e33–4.
3. Tlemsani C, Mir O, Boudou-Rouquette P, Huillard O, Maley K, Ropert S, et al. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome induced by anti-VEGF agents. Target Oncol. 2011; 6:253–8.
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