J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2022 Jun;33(2):164-174. 10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.164.

The Relationships between Rural Elderly’s Suicide Literacy, Suicide Stigma and Coping Advice for Suicide Prevention: The Moderated Mediation Effect of Social Expectations for Experiencing Negative Emotions

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, Department of Communication and Media, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Researche Professor, Ewha Institute for Age Integration Research, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Community Health Practicianer, Gimje Community Health Centery, Gimje, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the rural elderly suicide literacy level upon suicide stigma and coping advice with suicidal crises (recommending professional help for a suicidal person). In particular, this study investigates the role of cultural norms (perceived social expectations for the experience of negative emotions) on suicide stigma and coping ability.
Methods
A survey was conducted addressing elderly people (N=119) living in rural areas. Regression analysis using SPSS PROCESS macro was used to examine the relationships among the key variables.
Results
Participants with higher suicide literacy showed lower suicide stigma, and this perception had a significant effect on enhancing their coping advice with suicidal crises. Also, perceived social expectations significantly influenced the relationship between suicide stigma and coping advice. With lower levels of social expectations, the mediating effect of suicide stigma on the relationship between suicide literacy and recommending professional help did not exist whereas the indirect effect was significant when it pertained to high levels of social expectations.
Conclusion
This result signifies that suicide stigma serves as a barrier deterring Koreans from reaching out for professional help regarding their mental health. Moreover, these findings underscore the importance of cultural psychological factors such as perceived social expectations in terms of developing suicide prevention strategies.

Keyword

Rural community; Elderly; Suicide; Health literacy
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