J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent.  2022 May;49(2):188-196. 10.5933/JKAPD.2022.49.2.188.

National Patterns and Characteristics in Pediatric Dental Emergency Visits for Dental Conditions

  • 1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Jeonbuk National Unive
  • 2Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University
  • 3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Won


The purpose of this study was to investigate pediatric emergency department visits patterns and characteristics of children and adolescents under the age of 20 in South Korea from 2002 to 2015 due to dental conditions. This study used a stratified sample of approximately 1 million people from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service Database. The age, region, household income, and treatment cost were included for the patient characteristic analysis. Pediatric patients were compared to the adult group (over 20 years old). In children and adolescents, the rate of emergency department visits due to dental conditions was higher for traumatic conditions than for non-traumatic conditions. Children and adolescents with higher household income visited the emergency department more often than those with lower household income. The region with the highest number of children and adolescents visiting the emergency department for dental conditions was Busan (per 100,000 population). Although this study could not confirm the annual trend of children and adolescents’ dental emergency visits due to the sample size limitation, the characteristics of children and adolescents’ dental emergency visits were compared with those of adults using a stratified sample.

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